A task analysis aims to describe the physical actions and cognitive activities involved with or required to complete a task. In the workplace, the purpose of the process is to understand the nature of a job with the aim of eliminating potential risks that could predispose an employee to injury.
There are several types of task analysis but among the most common techniques used are:
Hierarchical Task Analysis:
The hierarchical task analysis is focused on decomposing high-level tasks into subtasks.
Cognitive Task Analysis:
This is a type of analysis aimed at understanding the tasks that require cognitive involvement from the user such as decision-making, problem-solving, memory, attention and judgement. It is applied in situations such as supervision where minimal work occurs. In such a case, the tasks are more related to assessment, evaluation and decision making.
Steps in a Task Analysis
Step 1. Analyse the task
The task should be decomposed into its constituent parts with a focus on;
- Task definition
- Task description
- Job inventory
- Risk assessment
Step 2. Determine the relationship between the different parts of the task.
This should be based on a:
- Behavioral analysis
- Problem analysis
- Critical analysis
- Visionary analysis
Step 3. Task reconstruction
The acquired information should then be used to achieve the following;
- Development of job aid and assistance
- Development of training objectives
A quality task analysis should factor in the skill level of an employee, the age, experience and their communication and processing abilities in performing the task.
At Recovery partners, we offer a full task analysis service. We can help you break down the various duties in your company and eliminate the potential risks associated with each.
If you’re interested, you can make an online enquiry here. Alternatively, our consultants love to have a chat, so give us a call on 1300 OHS RTW (647 789).
Disclaimer – these articles are provided to supply general safety information to people responsible for OHS in their organisation. They are general in nature and do not substitute for legal and/or professional advice. We always suggest that organisations obtain information specific to their needs. Additional information can be found at www.workcover.nsw.au
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